Spanish news agency EFE reported shortly before 7 p.m. on Thursday that a German court in Schleswig-Holstein had freed the former First Minister of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont, on bail while it continues to study his extradition to Spain.

A statement published by the German court confirmed it had ruled out extraditing Mr. Puigdemont on a charge of rebellion, which under Spain's Criminal Code carries a maximum sentence of 30 years in jail.

The court said it did not perceive the presence of violence in the Spanish charges to the degree required by the crime of high treason under German...