Of three courts which have now heard from the former First Minister of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont, and his former regional ministers, or from Speaker Carme Forcadell and the former members of her Speaker's Committee in some way—the National High Court and the Supreme Court in Madrid, for the first pre-trial hearings of the initial investigative stage of the Spanish criminal process, and the duty judge in Brussels, for the first stage of the European Arrest Warrant procedure—two have now ruled the former ministers may remain free on bail and one, the National High Court in Madrid, has jailed the nine men and women that went before it on remand.

In the two cases where bail has been granted, it is for procedural reasons only, for now, and not a judgement on the accusations themselves:...

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