15 of the 20 former Catalan leaders accused of rebellion, sedition and misuse of public funds—including the former Deputy First Minister, Oriol Junqueras (Esquerra, ERC)—showed up at the National High Court or Supreme Court in Madrid on Thursday morning, as ordered by the judges.

The first person to answer the court's questions, at the first pre-trial hearing of the investigation, was Jordi Turull, the former Catalan government spokesman.

Five others—Carles Puigdemont and four of his former regional ministers: Clara Ponsatí (education), Toni Comín (health), Lluís Puig (culture) and Me...