Until the new regional elections have taken place, there is now no Catalan government. Its functions have all been assumed by Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría and other cabinet ministers in Madrid.

Carles Puigdemont has been sacked as First Minister of Catalonia, along with all of his advisors.

The Deputy First Minister and regional economy minister, Oriol Junqueras, has been sacked; Catalan government spokesman Jordi Turull and foreign affairs spokesman Raul Romeva have lost their jobs, along with all of the other regional ministers; and all of their advisors, too.

The Catalan Parliament has now been dissolved and regional elections called for December 21. The election campaign will begin on December 5 and end on December 19.

The Catalan government's diplomacy service, Diplocat, and Catalan "embassies" in France, the United Kingdom, Germany, the United States, Austria, Italy, Morocco, Vatican, Portugal, Denmark, Poland, Croatia have all been closed and the "ambassadors" sacked, along with the immediate closure of representative offices with international bodies in Geneva, Vienna, Paris and Strasbourg.

Among these overseas posts is the one taken up by Francesca Guardiola, sister of Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola, who was appointed to serve in Copenhagen for the Nordic countries in April.

Catalonia's delegate to Madrid, Ferran Mascarell i Canalda, and its permanent representative before the EU, Amadeu Altafaj i Tardio, have also both been sacked.

The central government has also ordered the closure of the First Minister's office, the Deputy First Minister's office, the "national transition advisory council" and the special commission announced by Puigdemont on October 2 to investigate "the violation of fundamental rights" during the police charges of October 1.

Mariano Rajoy is now ultimately responsible for all that happens in Catalonia under Article 155, but he has delegated full responsibility to his already very powerful Deputy Prime Minister, Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría.

All of these central government decisions regarding the suspension of home rule in Catalonia were published in the early hours of Saturday morning in Spain's official gazette (BOE).

The first Article 155 decision taken by the Home Secretary, Juan Ignacio Zoido, was to sack Catalan Police chief Josep Lluis Trapero.