Carles Puigdemont has until 10 a.m. on Monday to reply to the central government's formal notification regarding his unconstitutional behaviour related to the Catalan referendum of October 1, a copy of the notification obtained by The Spain Report shows.

If Mr. Puigdemont replies that the independence of Catalonia has not in fact been declared and acts to make that clear, the process of the suspension of home rule in the region will not continue.

If he replies that it has, or if the reply is anything other than "a simple affirmative or negative reply", or if he does not reply at all, he then has a further three days—until 10 a.m. on Thursday, October 19—to revoke that declaration of independence and return to the rule of law.

The Catalan First Minister has now been formally not...

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