• Between 350,000 and one million separatists marched in Barcelona. The lower estimate comes from the central government office, the higher estimate from the local police. The culmination of this year's event was the coming together of yellow banners representing peace and freedom, a "yes" vote, a ballot box, and "referendum and democracy" (see video).

  • Ada Colau rejects separatist criticism. The Mayor of Barcelona said she would not "accept lessons from anyone" about what she had to do with municipal facilites and the vote in October, and less so conservative independence supporters who "didn't know what civil disobedience was until two days ago". She maintained she would like to help, but not if it puts City Hall workers at risk of criminal prosecution.

  • Ministry of Defence says Spanish unity intact. As Catalan separatists gathered peacefully and waved flags, Spain's Ministry of Defence tweeted that the country's "indissoluble unity" is today "more unbreakable than ever".

  • Assange warns it's secession or war. The Wikileaks founder observed events in Catalonia on Monday and tweeted: "If today is a guide on Oct 1 Europe will birth a new 7.5m nation or civil war".

  • Radical-left separatist youths burn flags. Masked members of Arran burnt the Spanish, French and EU flags in an act of protest in Barcelona: "Neither France nor Spain. Greater Catalonia!". (Twitter)

  • Spanish doctor killed in Afghanistan. "We confirm that a Spanish physiotherapist working in our ortho centre in Mazar has been shot & killed. We are shocked & devastated", the Red Cross tweeted. Her name was Lorena Enebral Pérez.

  • Finance Ministry offers civil servants GDP-linked wage deal. The variable increases would happen over the next three years, the first time such a non-fixed-rate plan has been tried in Spain for public works. Government GDP forecasts until 2020 are 2.6%, 2.5% and 2.4%. Unions would still prefer a deal based on inflation.

  • Spain has second highest OECD youth unemployment rate. The July data is in: Greece (44.4%), Spain (38.6%) and Italy (35.5%). The average rate across OECD countries is 11.9%.

  • Spain fined Facebook €1.2 million. Mark Zuckerberg's company does not ask users for "unequivocal, specific, informed" consent before storing their data, the Data Protection Agency said.

  • Government to force air traffic controllers to speak English. They already do with international pilots, but unions say the government wants to force Spanish-speaking controllers and pilots to speak in English at airports with more than 50,000 flights a year. They say it could affect safety.