Separatist parties and the separatist Speaker of the Catalan parliament, Carme Forcadell, attempted to push through the bill for the new independence referendum on Thursday morning, but by lunchtime had only managed to change the order of the day and listen to some proposals for amendments.

The session was suspended several times as opposition parties reminded the Speaker of points of order and parliamentary rules. Shouting frequently interrupted proceedings, in both directions.

The Secretary of the Catalan Parliament refused to order the bill published in the parliamentary gazette, s...